釜山的历史文化发展

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  zaigaoliwangchaoshiqi(shishijizhishisishijimo),fushanbeichengweibusanpo,busandeyisiwei“fuzhuangdeshan”zheishigenjuchengshihoumianshandexingzhuangerdeming。erpo,zeshi“haiwan”huo“haigang”deyisi。congshiwushijizaoqikaishi,fushanbeichaoxianzhidingweishangmaogangkou,bingyuribenkaizhanmaoyiwanglai,bingyunxuribenrenzaizheilidingju。

  1592nianhou,fushanbeiribenrenqinrubinglunweiribenzhimindi,1607nianzhanzhengyihouhuifulewaijiaoguanxi,fushanbingdeyizhongjian。18shijihouye,ribendeshilidasipengzhang,qituqinzhanhanbandaojidalu,chaoxianminzuyuyiwanqiangdedikang。1876nianyihouyuribenzhongxindingweilemulinyouhaoguanxihejianlilewaijiaoguanxi。1876nianfushanchengweichaoxiandiyigeguojixingdegangkou,bingcong1883niankaishihuifuleyuribendeyibanshangmaowanglai。1910yihou,fushanchengweiribenbaohuguodechengshi,chengshizhongxinchengweifanhuadeshangfu。

  zairibentongzhishiqi(1910-1945)yekuaisufazhanchengweixiandaihuadegangkouchengshi,lunchuankecongfushanmatouzhijiekaiwangribendexiaguan。1924nianhaikaisheletongwangzhongguo、eluosidezhengqijichetielu。zheishizaidianqihuahuochehaiweibeiyinjinshichaoxianzuizaodezhengqihuoche。zaichaoxianzhanzhengshiqi(1950-1953)fushanshilianheguoyunsongzhuangbeihegongjidaochaoxiandeweiyigangkou。chengshizhouweihaibaoliuzhehenduodangnianlianheguojunduijianzaodefangyugongshihesheshi。zaidangshifushanyeshijieshouconghaiwaifanhuidenanminzuiduodechengshi。cong1978kaishi,fushankaifanglesangejizhuangxianggangkoumatou,2013nianfushangangkoudesheshihetuntunenglishiqichengweishijiedisandagangkou。

  fushanchengbanle2002niandi14jieyayunhuihehanrishijiebeibisai,zi1996nianqimeiniandoujubandefushanshijiedianyingjie,fushanzhujianchengweiyigeduozhongwenhuagongcundeguojixingxiandaidoushi。fushanzuixiyinrendeshihaianguanguang,yinweizaidongnanhaiandehaishuiyuchangkeguanshangdaogezhongqiyideguaishihedaxiaodedaoyu,eryannangongyuan、heerjitai、taizongtaidehaiangongyuandejingseyouqimeili,chengzuoyouchuanguanshangyegengjia。

  随季节变幻,釜山也呈现出不同的面貌。到了夏季各海水浴场举办形式多样的庆祝活动;秋季时刀鱼市场会举办刀鱼文化观光节;冬季洛东江下流的候鸟栖息地又成为游客瞩目的焦点。此外,还可参观釜山海洋自然史博物馆、福泉博物馆、釜山市立美术馆和福山博物馆等文化场所。
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